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 Quoted from Full Self – Drivi ng Cars Are Still A Long Way Off – Here ‘ s Why ( Fobes )

there are five levels of driving automation, or six if you include Level 0, which means the car has no automation at all. Level 1 includes the adaptive cruise control and Lane Keep Assist functions already mentioned. Interestingly, Euro NCAP has been testing Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) since 2014, and it is now impossible to receive a five-star rating without this feature. Level 2 is described as “Partial Automation ” , and this is where ALKS sits . The driver still must keep their hands on the wheel , ready to take control if necessary , but the car can control speed and steering , even around bends . Apart from Tesla ‘ s Autopilot , Volvo Pilot Assist and Audi Traffic Jam Assist fit into this category .

Level 3 is where we start to get towards self-driving. This will only be under ideal conditions like highways and at certain speeds. The driver still needs to be ready to take control if necessary but doesn’t always need their hands on the wheel. Level 4 is close to full autonomy. You can enter your address and the car will drive to it unaided. This has been demonstrated under test conditions, but regulations prevent it from being released yet . Level 5 is like Level 4 but with no human interaction necessary , so there is no need for a steering wheel or pedals in the car .

ALKS, like less sophisticated forms of cruise control, simply maintains the course a human being has chosen. It won’t change lanes, merely keep you in the same lane, steer along with road dynamics, and try to maintain your chosen distance to the car in front. In an emergency, the human driver is supposed to step in to make the difficult choices. Level 3 and above, however, control the car much more proactively. With this proactivity comes decision – making , responsibility , and ( dare I say it ) ethics . That ‘ s a considerable change and is why Level 3 and above will take a much longer time to arrive than 2021 .

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